world is a violent place, and for various political, economic,
religious and other reasons, wars and conflicts often erupt. The
purpose of this web page is to chronicle these conflicts and attempt
to explain why they occur and what may result from them.
Marines Crossing a Bridge in Baghdad, Iraq, 2003
page contains four current sections and one section not yet
completed. The current sections are:
“Major” wars and conflicts in the world—Major
conflicts are defined here as wars and conflicts in which more than a
thousand people have died, involve more than one nation (for internal
conflicts) or more than two nations (for international conflicts),
and/or have the near-term potential to turn into a multi-national
regional conflict. Alphabetical listing.
War(part of America’s world-wide War on Terrorism)--
Intifada(Israeli-Palestinian Conflict)(high-risk to become a regional war)--
Civil War—(1992-Present): After the Islamic Salvation Front
won national elections in 1992, the military annulled the elections
and the winning party's military wing, The Islamic Salvation Army
(AIS), began a bloody rebellion. The AIS surrendered in June 1999,
but other groups continue to fight the governme
Separatist Conflict—(1958-Present): The rebel group called
Basque Fatherland and Liberty guerrilla group (ETA) has waged an
urban guerrilla movement against the Spanish government. The
organization's goal is independence for the Basque region of northern
Spain and southwestern France. Some operations have taken place in
France, causing Paris and Madrid to cooperate. Approximately 800
deaths are attributed to the ETA's campaign.
(Myanmar) Civil War—(1948-Present): In Earth's longest
running and perhaps most complex conflict, several different ethnic
groups attempted to secede in the years following World War 2. Most
of these groups continue the struggle to this day, along with
political dissidents who took up arms after a 1988 coup. Some areas
of northern Burma have been controlled by Narco-guerrillas harvesting
opium, which the government has attempted to halt.Military operations near border areas have brought both rebels
and the Burmese government into occasional conflict with neighboring
Civil War—(1994-Present): The Tutsi-dominated government is
fighting Hutu rebels.The
rebels use neighboring Congo as a base to launch attacks, thereby
giving the Burundi government reason to involve itself in the
Second Congolese War.
Civil War—(1964-Present): Marxist Guerrillas began a
Cuban-inspired insurgency in the 1960s, which continued at a fairly
low level until the 1990s, when the strength of the guerrilla groups
increased due to their de facto alliance with narcotics-producing
crime cartels. Over the past year (since 2001), the violence of the
conflict has increased as the government realized that negotiations
with the guerrillas were not leading to a peaceful solution.The United States is providing military and logistical support
to the government.
Second Congolese War(This IS a
regional war)—(1998-Present): Peace talks may
soon end what has been called “Africa’s World War.”Congolese rebels, backed by Rwanda, Uganda and
Burundi, seek the overthrow of President Kabila (the father was
assassinated and his son then became president), who is supported by
rebels from the above three countries, in addition to the armies of
Angola, Zimbabwe and Namibia.Estimates put the number of
dead in this war at over one million, mostly civilians.Also known as the “Great Lakes War.”
(Russia): Second Chechen War--
of the Israeli-Hamas Conflict as Israel responded to Hamas rocket
attacks with air and ground attacks beginning on December 27,
Airstrikes on Syrian Forces in Lebanon—Part of ongoing conflict
between Israel and Syria in Lebanon.
(high-risk to become a regional war)—
1, 2001: Israeli warplanes struck a Syrian Army radar post and
anti-aircraft site in Lebanon in retaliation for a Hezbollah attack
on the Israel-Lebanon border in an area called the Cheba Farms.
Israel believes Syria controls the Hezbollah and struck the Syrians
in order to "send a message."
April 15, 2001:
Israel dropped six bombs on a Syrian Army radar post in
Lebanon in retaliation for a Hezbollah attack on the Israel-Lebanon
border. Israel believes Syria controls the Hezbollah. Three Syrian
troops died in the attack.
–Syrian Border Clashes—Part of ongoing conflict between
Israel and Syria in Lebanon. (high-risk to
become a regional war)—
10, 2003: Israeli troops shot and killed one Syrian soldier and
captured another in an apparent attempt by the Syrian soldiers to
infiltrate across the border into the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.Approximately one hour after the initial shooting, a Syrian
outpost opened fire on Israeli forces.Israel chose not to respond for fear of escalating the
violence.Isael later turned over the body of the dead
soldier and the prisoner to the United Nations for transfer back to
July,1991: Three Syrians, members of a military intellegence
unit, infiltrated into Israeli-Occupied territory near Mount Hermon.They fired an anitank weapon
at an Israeli military outpost, killing one Israeli soldier.
Al-Aqsa Intifada (above)-- (high-risk
to become a regional war)—
Coast (Cote d’Ivorie) Civil
19, 2002-2007): Rebel soldiers (who later called themselves the Patriotic Movement of Ivory Coast (MPCI) launched
a coordinated, nation-wide attack on forces loyal to President Laurent Gbagbo.Loyalist forces held onto the capital city of
Abidjan, but lost control of the northern cities ofBouake and Korhogo. Initial reports had former military
dictator General Robert Guei as the leader of the coup.It was also reported that he perished in the fighting. Ivory
Coast has seen ethnic and religious violence since 2000 between
northern Muslims (such as Guei) and southern Christians (such as
President Gbagbo).The government also claims
that rebel reinforcement entered the country from a bordering nation,
most likely Burkina Faso to the north.Tensions have increased between the two West African nations
partly as a result of the status of millions of migrant Burkina Faso
citizens living in Ivory Coast seeking jobs.A cease-fire began on Oct. 17, which held until the last week
of November, as government forces launched a new offensive with
recently acquired helicopters and what appeared to be a unit of
English-speaking mercenaries.Also, a new rebel group appeared, seizing several
towns along the western border with Liberia.This group, calling itself the Ivorian Popular Movement for the Greater West,
clashed with French peacekeeping forces that were attempting to
evacuate Europeans from the area.This Yacouba-based tribal group, which appears to include some
Liberians, may be connected to one of the factions involved in the
Liberian Civil War.A second western rebel group, called the Movement
for Justice and Peace, appears loyal to the late General Guei.
Conflict(high-risk to become a regional war)—(1991-Present):
Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, and a Kashmiri rebel
movement is aided by Pakistan. Intermittent clashes along the border
nearly turned into full-scale war in the summer of 1999 and in late
Clashes Along the LOC-- (Dec. 23, 2001-Continuing): Following
the terrorist attack on India's Parliament, tensions between India
and Pakistan increased, with machine gun, mortar and artillery
fire across their border (Line of Control) in disputed
Attack on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi—( Dec. 13,
2001): Kashmiri Terrorists attacked the Indian Parliament,
attempting to blow it up during a legislative session. Security
guard killed the militants before they could enter the Parliament
building. 5 terrorists and 7 Indian security officers and 2 Indian
bystanders were killed in the attack.This attack triggered a violent confrontation
along the Line of Control (LOC) in Kashmir between the armies of
India and Pakistan.India blamed Pakistan for
aiding the rebels
13, 1996- Present): Maoist Guerrillas seek to overthrow the Nepal
monarchy though a rural uprising.This conflict has grown in intensity in recent months.Chinese aid to the rebels is alleged.
Lebanon Conflict (2007)--Fighting
between the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian militia
calling itself Fatah al-Islam.
Ireland Conflict—(1969-Present): This is the latest in a
very long series of conflicts fought by Britain in Ireland. Northern
Ireland is a part of the United
Kingdom, with a
Protestant majority loyal to London. The Irish Catholic minority has
sought to break away and join the Irish Republic in the southern part
of the island. The IRA and other groups have conducted a largely
urban guerrilla campaign since 1969. Protestant para-military groups
also wage an underground war against the Catholic population. Peace
talks have been under way for some time.Over 2,500 deaths have occurred since1969.
Rebellion in the Southern Philippines--(1969-Present): Muslim
rebel groups seek autonomy/independence from the mostly Christian
Philippines. One rebel group, the Abu Sayaf Group, is believed
linked to Osama bin-Laden’s Al-Qaida.This connection, plus their tactic of kidnapping and beheading
Americans, led the United States to send Special Forces to aid the
People’s Army Rebellion--(1969-Present): The Communist
New People’s Army (along with the rival Alex
Boncayao Brigade (ABB); is attempting to overthrow the
Philippine government and install a Marxist regime.
Rwandan Civil War—(1994-Present):
The current Rwandan government is dominated by the Tutsi tribe, which
overthrew the old government dominated by the Hutu tribe. Before
losing power, the Hutu rulers and their militia massacred over half a
million people. The Hutus now conduct a guerrilla war against the
Tutsi government from bases in the Congo. Rwanda used the presence of
these Hutu guerrillas to take part in both of the recent Congolese
Lankan Civil War—(1983-Present): Sri Lanka's civil war is
due to problems between the Tamil minority and the Sinhalese
majority. In the 1980's, India intervened on the government's side,
but has since withdrawn its troops.Over 70,000 deaths have resulted from this war.Peace talks have been under way for some time.
Civil War—(1983-Present): This is a war based largely on
racial, religious and regional differences. The government is
dominated by Muslim Arabs, while the south of the country is largely
on Terrorism—Officially beginning Oct. 7, 2001, this
American-led crusade against al-Qaida thus far involves: the campaign
against al-Qaida and the Taliban in Afghanistan, the search by U.S.
and Pakistani forces for al-Qaida followers in Pakistan, the
deployment of U.S. special forces to aid government forces in the
Philippines battle the Abu Sayyaf guerrillas on the southern
Philippine island of Bamiyan, the deployment of U.S. special forces
to Yemen to train and aid government forces dealing with rural tribes
possibly allied with al-Qaida and the deploymentof U.S. special forces to the
republic of Georgia to train and aid government forces against
rebels.Other military, para-military
and covert missions are probably ongoing, but not yet
wars and conflicts in the world— Wars and conflicts, which
are relatively small impact on the world or the region in which they
occur.Placement on this
list is somewhat subjective.For nations and individual people caught up in
these conflicts, these wars are far from “minor,” but
from the perspective of the world as a whole, they are possess a
lower “profile” than the wars in the “major”
also contains “one-time” occurrences such as the Korean
border battles, which are part of a long-standing hostility.Generally speaking, these conflicts involve few than 1,000
deaths, involve only one nation (for internal conflicts) or only two
nations (for international conflicts) and/or do not possess the
likelihood of developing into multi-national regional
War of Independence—(1989-Present): The island of
Bougainville seeks independence from Papua New Guinea.
(Angola) Separatist War—(1984-Present): The Front for the
Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) seeks to separate the
oil-rich enclave of Cabinda from Angola.On September 19, 2002, the Angolan army began a major military
offensive against the Cabinda rebels.
African Republic Border Conflict—(Aug. 7, 2002): The armies
of Chad and the CAR clashed in an exchange that left approximately
two dozen dead. Each side blamed the other for initiating the attack.
Tensions have been high since an attempted coup in the CAR last
Hill Tracts War in Bangladesh- (1975?-Present): Peace settlements
have ended some fighting, but at least one rebel group remains
Insurgency in Laos—(1975-Present):
The Hmong ethnic group have fought the Communist government since it
took power following the end of the Vietnam (2nd Indochina) War in
1975. Vietnam provides military aid and troops to the Laotian
Minor Wars—A series of conflicts mostly involving ethnic
groups seeking independence or autonomy from the central government.One conflict, the Naxalite
War, is political rather than ethnic.These are in addition to the Kashmir Rebellion, which rates as
a major conflict.
Sectarian Violence—(1947-Present):Since independence from
Britain in 1947, Hindus and Muslims in India have engaged in
periodic outbursts of violence against each other.The latest mob violence in early 2002 in the state of Gujarat
claimed 800 to 1,000 lives.
Rebellion—(1952-Present): The Naga ethnic group sought
independence from India. A cease-fire took effect in 1997, though
some Naga groups continue to oppose the government.
Rebellion—(Feb. 28, 1966-Present): The Mizo National
Front (MNF) seeks independence from India for the Mizoram
25, 1967-Present): Beginning with a peasant uprising in the town
of Naxalbari, this Marxist/Maoist rebellion sputters on in the
Indian countryside. The guerrillas operate among the impoverished
peasants and fight both the government security forces and the
private paramilitary groups funded by wealthy landowners. Most
fighting takes place in the states of Andhra
Pradesh, Mahrashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.
Rebellion—(1979-Present): Tripura, in Northeast India,
is embroiled in a separatist rebellion as several rebel groups
fight for independence.
Rebellion—(1980-Present): The United Liberation Front of
Assam (ULFA) formed in April 1979 in response to an influx of
non-Assamese from Bangladesh and parts of North East India. This
movement seeks to evict those "foreigners" and seek greater
autonomy from the Indian government.
Rebellion—(Mid-1980s-Present): The National Democratic
Front of Bodoland (NDFB) is fighting for a separate state within
India. They feel that their ethnic group is persecuted by the
Assamese and Bengali groups which dominate the region.
Minor Wars—A series of rebellions against the government,
along with sectarian and ethnic violence between Indonesia’s
many ethnic and religious groups continues to threaten the unity and
perhaps the continued survival of Indonesia.These do not include the recently resolved conflict in East
Timor, which resulted in that island’s independence.
Sectarian Violence—(1998-Present): Violence between
Muslims and Christians on the island of Sulawesi.Violence escalated in mid-2001, when thousands of
members of a fundamentalist Muslim militia called Laskar
Jihad arrived from the island of Java.
Mujahadeen Khalq Guerrilla War—(1979-Present): After the
Iranian Revolution in 1979 toppled the government of the Shah, the
Mujahadeen Khalq soon began a bloody guerrilla war against the new
Mujahadeen are currently based in Iraq and conduct cross-border raids
into Iran, as well as conducting urban guerrilla operations in the
cities and conducting political assassinations.Iran occasionally launches raids against Khalq bases in
Coast Guard Sinking of Suspected Spy Ship—(Dec. 21 and 22,
2001): The Japanese Coast Guard chased a suspected spy ship and sank
it. Crewmembers of the spy ship fired on the Japanese ships, wounding
two Coast Guard sailors. The spy ship crew all perished when their
vessel sank. Japan suspects the ship was North Korean.
Border Battle at Sea—(June 28, 2002): North and South
Korean naval vessels fought a twenty-minute gun battle in which 4
South Korean sailors died and 18 wounded near Yeonpyeong island in
the Yellow Sea. A South Korean vessel was sunk and a North Korean
vessel sustained damage, with casualties.This is one of several Korean border fights in recent years.
Border Battle—(Nov. 27, 2001):The first cross-border shooting of 2001 between
North and South Korea. North Korean troops fired several shots at a
South Korean guard post. The South Koreans returned fire.
Rebellion in Iraq—(1991-Present): Following Iraq's defeat
in the Second
Persian Gulf War (1990-1991),
Iraq's Kurds rebelled, seeking independence. This is the latest in a
long series of Kurdish uprisings.The Kurds currently enjoy autonomy in north Iraq
under the protection of the United States and the United
Rebellion in Turkey—(1984-Present): Rebel groups of the
Kurdish ethnic group seek independence from Turkey.
Caprivi Uprising—(Aug. 2, 1999-Present): The Caprivi
Liberation Army, led by Namibian politician Mishake Muyongo, claims
that the government is neglecting their region. Guerrillas attacked
Namibian military and police on August 2 in the Caprivi
Army Mutiny—( July 31-Aug. 9, 2002): Forces loyal to the
government of Niger put down an army mutiny that had spread to
several army garrisons across the country. The uprising is believed
related to low pay for army soldiers.News
Minor Conflicts—(1991-Present): Various ethnic and
religious groups in Nigeria engage in sporadic communal violence. More detail to be added soon.
Rebellion in Ethiopia—(1973-Present): Long-running
rebellion by the Oromo Liberation Front. The OLF is currently allied
to Eritrea, the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and with the
Aideed clan in Somalia--all of which are fighting the Ethiopian
Bombing of Pankisi Gorge in Georgia—(September, 2002):
Russian warplanes bombed the Pankisi Gorge in Georgia, which borders
claimed that Chechen rebels used the Gorge as a staging area for
attacks on Russian forces in Chechnya.Georgia protested the attacks.
Muslim Rebellion in Iraq--—(1991-Present):Following Iraq's defeat in
Persian Gulf War (1990-1991),
Iraq's Shiites, a religious minority, rebelled against the
government. Low-level guerrilla warfare continues in the southern
Civil War (state of anarchy)—(1991-Present): The Somali
government ceased to exist following the 1991 overthrow of dictator
Siade Barre. Rival Somali groups fight for advantage but the net
result is anarchy.In 1992 and 1993, United
Nations forces, led by the United States, attempted to bring order to
the country and head off a famine.After incurring casualties, the U.S. and the U.N.
Rebellion in Niger—
Tribal Conflict—(Dec. 19, 2001): Yemeni armed forces moved
against several villages of the Abida tribe suspected of harboring
al-Qaida fugitives. 24 soldiers and 16 members of the Adiba tribe
perished. American Special Forces were in Yemen to train the
government military so that operations such as this one against
suspected terrorists could be undertaken.No Americans are known to have taken part in this
operation. (part of America’s
world wide War on Terrorism)--
concluded or suspended wars and conflicts in the world—Wars
and conflicts which, as of this page’s latest update, are
concluded due to a cease-fire, peace treaty or some other apparently
permanent cessation of hostilities.Many of these conflicts can easily re-erupt into
conflicts remain in this category until ten years have passed without
a resumption of war.Alphabetical
Civil War—(1975-April 4, 2002): After jointly fighting for
independence against Portugal, the MPLA and UNITA, two rebel groups,
fell into civil war over control of Angola. In the 1970s and the
1980s, the MPLA accepted aid from Cuba and the Soviet Union, while
UNITA took aid from South Africa and the United States. UNITA used
bases in neighboring Congo, which led the MPLA-led Angolan government
to intervene in the Congolese Wars. After UNITA leader Jonas
Savimbi’s death in early 2002, negotiations led to the April
Uprising in Mexico (“Zapatista Uprising”)—(Jan.
1, 1994- Present): Zapatista rebels, most of whom are Mexican
Indians, launched a rebellion in the Southern state of Chiapas.
Though no outright fighting has taken place since a
Muslim Rebellion—(1992-2000): Fundamentalist Muslim rebels
seek to topple the secular Egyptian government. At least 1,200 people
have perished since the beginning of the rebellion.The conflict was primarily waged as an urban
opposition Muslim Brotherhood took part in elections in 2000,
indicating that they felt armed force would not work.
Eritrea-Ethiopia War—(1998-2000): Border war between two
heavily armed east African neighbors with a long and violent history
between them. Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia in 1993
following a 30-year guerilla war.
Civil War and Intervention—(1998-1999):
An army rebellion against the Guinea-Bissau government plunged this
West African nation into a violent civil war. Neighboring Senegal and
Guinea-Conakry sent troops to aid the government. Despite this aid,
the war ended with the rebel leader in control of the nation.Senegal intervened partially
due to the rebellion in its own Casamance region, which borders on
Coup Attempt –( Dec. 17, 2001):
Occupation of Southern Lebanon –(1982-2000): Following the
1982-1984 Israeli Invasion and Occupation of Southern Lebanon, a
border war has began in which Islamic and Palestinian guerrillas seek
to drive Israeli troops from a strip of southern Lebanon which they
occupied with the aid of the anti-government South Lebanon Army.
Israel occasionally bombed and shelled areas throughout Lebanon.
Israel withdrew from Southern Lebanon in mid-2000.
The latest round of the Yugoslav Civil War (or Third Balkan War)
began as another ethnic rebellion against Serbian authority. NATO
intervened to halt what it called the ethnic cleansing of Kosovo,
turning this backwater war into a relatively significant air campaign
leading to the liberation of the province from Serbian Yugoslav
Civil War—( June, 2002-July 7, 2002): Didier Ratsiraka and
Marc Ravalomanana ran against each other in Madagascar’s
presidential election of December 16, 2001. They disagreed on who
should take charge of the government following Ravalomanana’s
apparent victory, and violence between their supporters broke out in
June, 2002. Ratsiraka fled the country in July after Ravalomanana
gained the diplomatic support of the United States and France.
Civil War—(1980-2000): The Peruvian government defeated the
Maoist Sendero Luminoso
(Shining Path) and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Saharan
A truce has been in place since 1991, but a permanent peace deal has
not yet been reached. The Western Sahara is a former Spanish colony.
When the Spanish left their Saharan colony, Morocco and Mauritania
seized the area and the native Saharawi began a struggle for
gave up its portion of the Western Sahara in 1979 and ended
participation in the war.
Border conflict between two neighbors who have never gotten along.The border is ill defined and has been a source of conflict
Civil War (“Casamance War”)--
Leone Civil War—(March, 1991-2002):
Rebellion by rural tribesmen protesting the poor economy. The Yemeni
government alleges that Saudi Arabia coaxed the rebels into violence.Conflict between the government and the interior tribes occurs
Acts of Terrorism—This section is not yet complete, but
will show major acts of terrorism from around the world.These attacks will be categorized by either the country they
take place in, and/or the organization that conducted them.Terrorist acts which are an integral part of a major conflict
(such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict), generally will not appear
here.Some attacks will appear
twice, in the category showing where they took place and in the
category showing who implemented the attack.
States, Attacks in/or against— Attacks taking place in the
United States or against American targets around the
attack on the World Trade Center and the
Pentagon—(September 11, 2001):Terrorists belonging to Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaida
organization, hijacked four United States commercial passenger planes
and flew them into the World Trade Center in New York City and the
Pentagon in Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania.This event triggered the Coalition invasion/liberation of
Afghanistan and the continuing worldwide War on Terrorism.
Attacks by—The radical fundamentalist Islamic
organization dedicated to eliminating American influence in the
Middle East (particularly in Saudi Arabia) and to the destruction
on Israeli tourists in Kenya (Nov. 28, 2002): Israeli tourists
in Kenya were targeted in two coordinated, nearly simultaneous
attacks.Al-Qaida is a leading suspect
in these attacks.Three
men drove a SUV into an Israeli-owned Mombassa hotel, killing
themselves and 13 others (10 Kenyans and 3 Israelis), destroying
the hotel building.Then, as an Israeli passenger
plane was taking off enroute back to Israel, two surface-to-air
missiles were launched.One missile clipped the
plane, but failed to explode.The other missile missed its target.
on the French oil tanker Limburg (Oct. 6, 2002):An explosion caused by
suicide terrorists, similar to the attack on the USS Cole two
years earlier, killed one crewman of the Limburg and caused
the spillage of over 90,000 barrels of oil into the Gulf of
Bombing—(Oct. 12, 2002): Al-Qaida is suspected in the
bombing of a nightclub frequented by foreign tourists in Bali,
Indonesia.Among the 200 dead are at
least 70 Australians, 21 Britons and 7 Americans.
Synagogue Bombing—(April 11, 2002): A natural gas filled
truck crashed into a synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia.The blast killed 17 people, most of whom were
was believed to be al-Qaida’s first attack outside
Afghanistan since Sept. 11.
attack on the World Trade Center and the
Pentagon—(September 11, 2001):Terrorists belonging to Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaida
organization, hijacked four United States commercial passenger
planes and flew them into the World Trade Center in New York City
and the Pentagon in Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in
event triggered the Coalition invasion/liberation of Afghanistan
and the continuing worldwide War on Terrorism.
R.A. (2012). New and Recent Wars & Conflicts of the World. The
History Guy Website [# of pages or paragraphs]. Retrieved
(2001-Present)--The war in Afghnistan began with the American and
allied response to the 9/11 terror attacks on the United States. The
Taliban government was overthrown, and a new regime installed. The
U.S. the Afghan government, and NATO forces are still trying to
pacify parts of the country where the Taliban and al-Qaida forces
Intervention in Somali Civil War
(2006-Present)- The long-standing Somali Civil War (1988-Present)
entered a new phase with the growth of the Union of Islamic Courts,
an Islamic militant group, gained control of Mogadishu and the
central part of Somali. The UIC is in opposition to the official, yet
weak, government based in Baidoa. In late 2006, Ethiopia sent troops
to Baidoa to support the government against the Islamic forces. In
late December, 2006, Ethiopian planes bombed the Mogadishu airport
and ground troops seized control of three towns, including one on the
Ethiopia, Somali Transitional Government, United States vs. Islamic
Insurgency in Laos(1975-Present): The Hmong ethnic group have fought the Communist
government since it took power following the end of the Vietnam (2nd
Indochina) War in 1975. Vietnam provides military aid and troops to
the Laotian government periodically.
Laos, Vietnam vs. Hmong rebels.
25, 1967-Present): Beginning with a peasant uprising in the town of
Naxalbari, this Marxist/Maoist rebellion sputters on in the Indian
countryside. The guerrillas operate among the impoverished peasants
and fight both the government security forces and the private
paramilitary groups funded by wealthy landowners. Most fighting takes
place in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Mahrashtra, Orissa and Madhya
India vs. Naxalite Communist rebels.
(1952-Present): The Naga ethnic group sought independence from India.
A cease-fire took effect in 1997, though some Naga groups continue to
oppose the government.